According to Article 223 of the Constitution, the President may form the Interstate Council to resolve disputes between the Center and the States. In the 1990s, the Janata Dal government formed an inter-state council at the Center to try to establish good relations between the Center and the states. The Interstate Council should be formed as per the recommendations of the Administrative Reform Commission.
- Prime Minister – Chairman
- Union Finance Minister – Member
- Union Home Minister – Member
- Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha – Member
- 5 Elected Representatives from 5 Regional Councils – Member
- The Chief Minister of the state concerned with that problem – Member
- The Union Minister is concerned about the problem – Member
The composition and functioning of this council are largely determined by the President. Its main functions are to:
- Investigate disputes between states.
- Provide appropriate advice to the parties to the dispute.
- Protecting the collective interest between the Center and the State. To make decisions by discussing collective interests.
- Establishing a balance between actions and policies that are in the public interest, and so on.
In the 1990s, the Janata Dal government at the Center formed an inter-state council to try to establish good relations between the Center and the states.